Creating an environmentally friendly garden goes a long way in reducing your carbon footprint, thus helping save the environment for future generations. Embracing organic gardening methods not only improves the quality of food produced (in nutrient content) but also reduces exposure to harsh chemicals that cause various health conditions and cell mutation. Organic farming involves using environmentally friendly fertilizer/manure, pest and weed control, as well as irrigation methods. Outlined below are a few ideas and tips on how to make your garden more environment-friendly.
1. Use Compost Manure
Compost manure can be used instead of synthetic fertilizers in stores today. One of the main advantages of using compost manure is that it helps add nutrients back to the soil, while at the same time introducing healthy bacteria and worms to the same. These worms play a critical role in improving soil aeration and this paves the way for proper root development and nutrient absorption. While you can buy compost manure locally, you can as well make yours using organic materials, food waste, kitchen wastes, and dairy items. You could create a compost heap or just invest in a tumbling compost bin.
2. Use Organic Mulch
Mulching is an efficient method used to help retain soil moisture for much longer especially in hot weather or season. Organic mulch does much more than just help retain soil moisture. It decomposes eventually releasing nutrients and other essentials needed to enrich the soil. You can use dry grass, leaves, sawdust, or even dry bark for mulching. You however need to be careful not to introduce weeds to your garden while mulching. Although organic mulch helps suppress weed growth, some weeds may penetrate through making it hard to control them.
3. Use Beneficial Insects For Pest Control
Wasps, lady beetles, praying mantis, butterflies, etc. are some of the beneficial insects you can introduce to your garden to help control most pests. These insects feed on aphids among other pests and also help with pollination. While the wasps and bees feed on caterpillars and other pests, your garden remains pest free hence no need to use synthetic pest control methods. In addition to the beneficial insects, you can introduce plants that help prevent pests and disease from spreading in the garden. Wild lilac, lemon balm, garlic, Napier grass, and onions all play a huge role in keeping your garden pest free.
4. Harvest Rain Water and Adopt Drip Irrigation
Rainwater is considered the best source of chlorine and mineral free water, best for irrigation purposes. You can collect enough rainwater to use for irrigation, and for washing your car and rinsing windows as well. Harvesting rainwater also reduces the amount of stormwater, hence great for the environment and the garden too.
In addition to harvesting rainwater, consider drip irrigation in the garden. Drip irrigation provides an efficient way to avail water directly to the plant roots without losing or wasting any. You can do this as a DIY, or buy company manufactured drip irrigation pipes and a water reservoir.
These are just but a few ways to help create an environment-friendly garden with little to no carbon footprint. Simple research on better ways to reduce carbon footprint while improving yields should help unlock your garden’s capability.
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